Corrections Corporation of America Announces Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results with EPS Up 23.8% to $0.26
Increases Full-Year Guidance
NASHVILLE, Tenn. - November 8, 2007 -- Corrections Corporation of America (NYSE: CXW) (the "Company" or "CCA"), the nation's largest provider of corrections management services to government agencies, today announced its financial results for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2007.
Third Quarter of 2007 Compared with Third Quarter of 2006
- Net income increased 27.6% to $33.3 million from $26.1 million
- Net income per diluted share increased 23.8% to $0.26 from $0.21
- EBITDA increased 17.1% to $86.8 million from $74.1 million
- Adjusted Free Cash Flow increased 23.5% to $55.1 million from $44.6 million
Financial results for the third quarter were positively impacted by an increase in compensated man-days as demand and utilization of additional prison beds continued from both federal and state customers. Management revenue from federal customers increased 13.2% to $151.4 million during the third quarter of 2007 from $133.7 million during the third quarter of 2006. This increase was primarily the result of a new contract with Immigration and Customs Enforcement ("ICE") at our Stewart Detention Center that became effective in October 2006. We also experienced an increase in revenue from the U.S. Marshals Service ("USMS") resulting from increases in inmate populations at several of our facilities, as well as from per diem increases obtained on federal contracts.
Management revenue from state customers increased by 12.4% to $185.2 million during the third quarter 2007 from $164.7 million for the same period in 2006. The increase in state revenue from the prior year quarter was primarily due to additional inmates we received from the states of California and Arizona pursuant to new contract awards, increases in inmate populations from several other existing state customers, and an increase in average per diem rates.
Total portfolio occupancy increased to 98.1% during the third quarter of 2007 from 94.6% during the third quarter of 2006, with compensated man-days increasing 8.2%, to 6.8 million from 6.3 million. Total portfolio occupancy increased from the third quarter of 2006 despite placing into service nearly 3,000 new beds due to the completion of several expansion and development projects during 2007.
Adjusted Free Cash Flow increased 23.5% to $55.1 million during the third quarter of 2007 from $44.6 million generated during the same period in 2006. Adjusted Free Cash Flow increased as a result of improved operating performance, partially offset by a $5.9 million increase in income tax payments. As we previously disclosed, during 2006 we generated sufficient taxable income to utilize our remaining federal net operating loss carryforwards. As a result, we expect to pay approximately $50.0 million in taxes for 2007, compared with $13.7 million in 2006.
The improvement in financial results was net of approximately $1.2 million of transportation costs we incurred primarily to relocate Hawaiian inmates from our Tallahatchie and Diamondback facilities to our new Saguaro Correctional Facility in Eloy, Arizona, and to refill the vacated beds at Tallahatchie and Diamondback with inmates transported from the states of California and Arizona, respectively. Our financial results were also negatively impacted by a deterioration in profitability of an additional $1.4 million at the Tallahatchie facility during the third quarter of 2007 compared with the third quarter of 2006, as we increased staffing levels to accommodate additional inmates expected from the state of California. Third quarter results were also negatively impacted by the hiring of additional staff and other start-up expenses incurred in advance of filling new beds at several facilities, including Saguaro, North Fork, Bay Correctional, and Gadsden. We expect to continue to incur such expenses at other facilities as additional expansion and development projects commence operations.
Commenting on the financial results, President and CEO John Ferguson stated, "We are pleased with our third quarter financial results as our earnings continued to benefit from higher inmate populations and significant utilization of new capacity brought online since last year. Additionally, we are pleased with the rapid utilization of vacated beds at our Diamondback and Tallahatchie facilities due largely to our dedicated and professional staff."
"We continue to move forward on our development and expansion efforts as evidenced by our recent announcement of the development of our new 3,060-bed facility for our new contract with the state of California, and we continue to pursue additional expansion and development opportunities to stay ahead of the increasing demand from many of our customers."
First Nine Months of 2007 Compared with First Nine Months of 2006
- Net income increased 34.6% to $98.4 million from $73.1 million
- Net income per diluted share increased 31.7% to $0.79 from $0.60
- EBITDA, excluding a refinancing charge during the first quarter of 2006, ("Adjusted EBITDA") increased 21.2% to $256.1 million from $211.3 million
- Adjusted Free Cash Flow, which does not include the refinancing charge during 2006, increased 20.8% to $159.0 million from $131.6 million
Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Free Cash Flow are non-GAAP financial measures. Please refer to the Supplemental Financial Information and related note following the financial statements herein for further discussion and reconciliations of these measures to GAAP financial measures.
For the quarters ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, key operating statistics for the continuing operations of the Company were as follows:
Operating margins increased to 28.5% during the third quarter of 2007 from 27.2% during the third quarter of 2006. The increase in operating margins from the prior year period was substantially the result of higher inmate populations, including most notably the commencement of management contracts with ICE at our Stewart facility, the state of California at our Florence, Tallahatchie and West Tennessee facilities and the state of Arizona at our Diamondback facility.
Total revenue for the third quarter of 2007 increased 12.4% to $379.9 million from $337.9 million during the same period in 2006, as total compensated man-days increased to 6.8 million from 6.3 million, and as revenue per compensated man-day increased to $55.06 from $52.86. Average compensated occupancy for the three months ended September 30, 2007 increased to 98.1% from 94.6% for the three months ended September 30, 2006.
Fixed expenses per compensated man-day increased 2.7% to $29.37 during the third quarter of 2007 compared with $28.59 per compensated man-day during the same period in 2006. The increase was primarily the result of a 2.7% increase in salaries and benefits per compensated man-day. In addition to general inflationary increases in salaries and benefits, we incurred start-up expenses as we ramped-up operations at our Saguaro, Tallahatchie, North Fork, Bay Correctional and Gadsden facilities. The increases in salaries and benefits per compensated man-day were partially offset by leveraging salaries and benefits over a larger inmate population across our portfolio.
Variable expenses increased slightly to $9.99 per compensated man-day during the third quarter of 2007 from $9.91 per compensated man-day during the third quarter of 2006. The increase in variable expenses per compensated man-day was primarily due to general inflationary increases, partially offset by a decrease in expenses related to legal proceedings in which we are involved and a modest decrease in inmate medical expenses primarily resulting from entering into new management contracts that limit our exposure to medical claims.
In September 2007, we successfully expanded the borrowing capacity under our revolving credit facility by $100.0 million, from $150.0 million to $250.0 million. All other terms of the revolving credit facility remain the same. We expect to utilize the additional borrowing capacity to fund expansion and development projects.
Business Development Update
In August 2007, we entered into an agreement with the Idaho Department of Corrections to house an initial population of 120 inmates from the state of Idaho at our North Fork Correctional Facility in Sayre, Oklahoma. At November 1, 2007, we housed 120 Idaho inmates at the North Fork facility.
In October 2007, we entered into a new agreement with the State of California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation ("CDCR") for the housing of up to 7,772 inmates from the state of California. The new contract replaces and supersedes the previous contract CCA had with the CDCR, which provided housing for up to 5,670 inmates. Additionally, we announced that we would begin construction of the new 3,060-bed La Palma Correctional Center located in Eloy, Arizona, which we believe will be fully utilized by the CDCR.
We expect to complete construction of the new La Palma Correctional Center during the second quarter of 2009 at an estimated total cost of $205.0 million. However, we expect to open a portion of the new facility to begin receiving inmates from the state of California during the third quarter of 2008, with the continued receipt of California inmates through completion of construction, as phases of the facility become available.
We currently expect that we will ultimately provide the CDCR up to 960 beds at our Florence facility, 80 beds at our West Tennessee facility, 2,592 beds at our Tallahatchie facility, 1,080 beds at our North Fork facility and 3,060 beds at our new La Palma facility, with the final transfer from California occurring during the second quarter of 2009. At November 1, 2007, we housed approximately 1,700 California inmates at our West Tennessee, Florence and Tallahatchie facilities.
Facility Development Update
Facilities Currently Under Development or Expansion
Based upon our expectation of increased demand for bed capacity on behalf of a number of state and federal agencies, we expect to complete the following expansion and development projects:
In addition to the above listed projects, we continue to pursue additional development and expansion opportunities in order to satisfy increasing demand from existing and potential customers. We believe we have the ability to fund our current development activity with cash on hand, investments, availability under our $250.0 million revolving credit facility, and cash generated from operations. However, we are currently evaluating financing alternatives that could increase the amount of debt capital to fund additional expansion and development opportunities we are pursuing.
The Company expects diluted earnings per share ("EPS") for the fourth quarter of 2007 to be in the range of $0.26 to $0.28, resulting in full year EPS to be in the range of $1.04 to $1.06, an increase from full year guidance previously issued of $1.01 to $1.05.
During 2007, we expect to invest approximately $369.8 million in capital expenditures, consisting of approximately $317.5 million in prison construction and expansions that have been previously announced, $35.7 million in maintenance capital expenditures and $16.6 million in information technology.
Supplemental Financial Information and Investor Presentations
We have made available on our website supplemental financial information and other data for the third quarter of 2007. We do not undertake any obligation, and disclaim any duty, to update any of the information disclosed in this report. Interested parties may access this information through our website at www.correctionscorp.com under "Financial Information" of the Investor section.
Management may meet with investors from time to time during the fourth quarter of 2007. Written materials used in the investor presentations will also be available on our website beginning on or about November 13, 2007. Interested parties may access this information through our website at www.correctionscorp.com under "Webcasts" of the Investor section.
Webcast and Replay Information
We will host a webcast conference call at 3:00 p.m. eastern time (2:00 p.m. central time) today, to discuss our 2007 third quarter and nine month financial results. To listen to this discussion, please access "Webcasts" on the Investor page at www.correctionscorp.com. The conference call will be archived on our website following the completion of the call. In addition, a telephonic replay will be available today at 6:00 p.m. eastern time through 11:59 p.m. eastern time on November 15, 2007, by dialing 888-203-1112, pass code 1084705.
CCA is the nation's largest owner and operator of privatized correctional and detention facilities and one of the largest prison operators in the United States, behind only the federal government and three states. We currently operate 65 facilities, including 41 company-owned facilities, with a total design capacity of over 75,000 beds in 19 states and the District of Columbia. We specialize in owning, operating and managing prisons and other correctional facilities and providing inmate residential and prisoner transportation services for governmental agencies. In addition to providing the fundamental residential services relating to inmates, our facilities offer a variety of rehabilitation and educational programs, including basic education, religious services, life skills and employment training and substance abuse treatment. These services are intended to reduce recidivism and to prepare inmates for their successful re-entry into society upon their release. We also provide health care (including medical, dental and psychiatric services), food services and work and recreational programs.
This press release contains statements as to our beliefs and expectations of the outcome of future events that are forward-looking statements as defined within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the statements made. These include, but are not limited to, the risks and uncertainties associated with: (i) fluctuations in our operating results because of, among other things, changes in occupancy levels, competition, increases in cost of operations, fluctuations in interest rates and risks of operations; (ii) changes in the privatization of the corrections and detention industry, the public acceptance of our services, the timing of the opening of and demand for new prison facilities and the commencement of new management contracts; (iii) our ability to obtain and maintain correctional facility management contracts, including as a result of sufficient governmental appropriations and as a result of inmate disturbances; (iv) increases in costs to construct or expand correctional facilities that exceed original estimates, or the inability to complete such projects on schedule as a result of various factors, many of which are beyond our control, such as weather, labor conditions and material shortages, resulting in increased construction costs; (v) risks associated with judicial challenges regarding the transfer of California inmates to out of state private correctional facilities; and (vi) general economic and market conditions. Other factors that could cause operating and financial results to differ are described in the filings made from time to time by us with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
CCA takes no responsibility for updating the information contained in this press release following the date hereof to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date hereof or the occurrence of unanticipated events or for any changes or modifications made to this press release.
NOTE TO SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION
EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted free cash flow are non-GAAP financial measures. The Company believes that these measures are important operating measures that supplement discussion and analysis of the Company's results of operations and are used to review and assess operating performance of the Company and its correctional facilities and their management teams. The Company believes that it is useful to provide investors, lenders and security analysts disclosures of its results of operations on the same basis as that used by management.
Management and investors review both the Company's overall performance (including GAAP EPS, net income, and Adjusted free cash flow) and the operating performance of the Company's correctional facilities (EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA). EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are useful as supplemental measures of the performance of the Company's correctional facilities because they do not take into account depreciation and amortization, tax provisions, or with respect to Adjusted EBITDA, the impact of the Company's financing strategies. Because the historical cost accounting convention used for real estate assets requires depreciation (except on land), this accounting presentation assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes at a level rate over time. Because of the unique structure, design and use of the Company's correctional facilities, management believes that assessing performance of the Company's correctional facilities without the impact of depreciation or amortization is useful. The calculation of Adjusted free cash flow substitutes capital expenditures incurred to maintain the functionality and condition of the Company's correctional facilities in lieu of a provision for depreciation; Adjusted free cash flow also excludes certain other non-cash expenses that do not affect the Company's ability to service debt.
The Company may make adjustments to GAAP net income, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted free cash flow from time to time for certain other income and expenses that it considers non-recurring, infrequent or unusual, such as the special charges in the preceding calculation of Adjusted EBITDA, even though such items may require cash settlement, because such items do not reflect a necessary component of the ongoing operations of the Company. Other companies may calculate EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted free cash flow differently than the Company does, or adjust for other items, and therefore comparability may be limited. EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted free cash flow are not measures of performance under GAAP, and should not be considered as an alternative to cash flows from operating activities, a measure of liquidity or an alternative to net income as indicators of the Company's operating performance or any other measure of performance derived in accordance with GAAP. This data should be read in conjunction with the Company's consolidated financial statements and related notes included in its filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.